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How long is 5G era?

Release time:2014-12-16 18:26:00Click:

With 4G into the scale of commercial stage, 5G research and development is in full swing to carry out. At the 2015 IMT-20205G summit, China Information and Communication Research Institute released 5G unlimited technical framework white paper and 5G network technology architecture white paper, the white paper mentioned, for 2020 and the future, mobile communications technology and industry will enter the 5th generation of communication , That is, 5G development stage.


5G business time can be divided into: the first stage, to the end of 2015 to complete the macro description; the second stage is 2016 to 2017 the end of the technical preparation phase; the third stage, from the end of 2017, countries and international organizations to ITU to submit candidate technology, and strive to reach an agreement, by the end of 2020 ITU will release a formal 5G standard, and enter the commercial.
5G rate up to 1G per second
Compared with 4G, 5G will meet people's high traffic density, high connectivity density and high mobility needs, to provide users with high-definition video, virtual reality, enhance the reality, cloud desktop and online games and other extreme business experience. In simple terms, 5G is faster than the current 4G rate.
In this regard, the Chinese Information and Communication Research Institute, said Cao Shumin, according to the current timetable of the International Telecommunication Union, should be completed in 2020 5G standard, but before there will be a lot of research and testing work, the domestic large-scale commercial, So that ordinary people are used on the 5G should be after 2020.
It is understood that, compared with the previous mobile communications technology, 5G will be more diverse scenarios and timely news challenges. Such as 5G will penetrate into the field of things such as Internet, and industrial facilities, medical equipment, medical equipment, transportation and other deep integration, the full implementation of all things interconnection, effectively meet the industrial, medical, transportation and other vertical industry information services needs.
For example, after the remote surgery because the network rate is not so high, often difficult to carry out, once into the 5G, such as off-site surgery can be very smooth to complete. For the public users, 5G can really achieve a blink of an eye to complete a movie download, or hundreds of photos instantaneous transmission, to enhance the user experience.
The researchers told Tencent Technology, in the 5G era, we can reach 10 times a second speed of G. Cao Shumin said, 5G goal is in a wide range of coverage, reaching 100 trillion per second, local or even up to the rate of G per second.
Standard dispute
However, the 5G vision also need to determine the relevant standards, but the current 5G standard or blank, so that countries are actively studying to promote competition for industry and technology "high ground."
According to Tencent technology to understand, under normal circumstances, a generation of mobile communications to go through the needs of business needs analysis, spectrum strategy research, key technology research, technical assessment, standardization, test network construction, commercial deployment and a series of processes, rather than a simple network upgrade.
According to Cao Shumin introduction, the International Organization for Standardization has been initially clear in 2016 officially launched the standard development, some countries also made a 5G business timetable, Ericsson, Nokia, Huawei, ZTE, Samsung and other enterprises also developed a concept for some of the 5G key technology prototype.
It is understood that South Korea launched this year to 5G development of the overall planning as the main content of the "future mobile communications industry development strategy", decided to launch in 2005 5G commercial services, and will invest 1.6 trillion won. Japan last year set up a "2020 and BeyondAdHoc" special seminar to study the 2020 and later wireless communication system, plans to achieve before the 2010 Tokyo Olympic Games 5G commercial.
China's Ministry of Industry in 2013 led the establishment of the MG2020 promotion group, officially launched China's 5G standardization research, the global research on 5G is from 2012 onwards. China's three major operators, Huawei, ZTE, Datang and other equipment manufacturers in recent years has been increasing investment in 5G.
Huawei announced two years ago that the next five years to 2018, will invest 600 million US dollars for 5G research and innovation, and this is only the current Huawei 5G research and innovation budget, does not contain 5G product development investment.
"This is the largest investment among the global communications vendors because the EU's overall project investment is € 700 million and is an investment from 2005 to 2015." he said, "said Dr. Gavin, chief scientist at 5G. "This strategic investment will allow the research team to focus more on concentrating on research."
ZTE is the main participant and contributor to 5G global technology and standards research activities. As a core member of the China IMT-2020 (5G) Promotion Group, ZTE served as an important member of the IMT-2020 IEEE Working Group Chairman and Vice Chairman of the IMT-2020 Network Technology Working Group, and led the work of several sub-working groups.
ZTE's director of strategic planning Sun Shuang Ge told Tencent Technology, 5G development is driven by user needs, rather than driven by the development of technology, the existing technology can not meet the needs of users, which is 5G need to solve the problem.
Obviously, who walked faster in 5G research, the better, who will be able to compete in the future market share the initiative. From 3G, 4G to 5G, mobile communication technology is moving in the direction of integration. The industry generally believes that the 5G era is likely to form a unified standard, which means that if you can not participate in the formation of 5G standard process, the impact of mobile communications technology in the future direction, will be in the near future in extreme Passive situation.